Floristic Diversity of Watercourses and Temporary Reservoirs of the Ostrovtsovsky Cluster of the Volga Regional Forest-Steppe State Natural Biospheric Reserve Impacted by the European Beaver’s Expansion


The paper is devoted to an important problem of modern ecology, namely, the reaction of native ecosystems to the activity of invader species, with the European beaver (Castor fiber L) as an example. This species transforms the environment as a result of its foraging and constructive activities. Higher vascular plants (macrophytes) in water bodies and streams are one of the basic components of biotopes. They serve as a limiting factor for the spread of such invasive species as C. fiber, because macrophytes determine the basis of this animal’s diet. On the other hand, under the influence of the constructive and foraging activities of C. fiber, the macrophyte communities undergo significant changes. As a result of this process, such indicators as trophicity and saprobity of natural waters change, whose quality is formed at the level of small reservoirs and watercourses. It is especially important for the forest-steppe zone characterized by relative poverty of water resources. The data collected during three field seasons (2015-2017) allow describing the current status of the highest aquatic vegetation in several small water bodies and watercourses located in the Volga regional forest-steppe State Nature Reserve. Other factors of environment transformation, such as the economic use of reservoirs and watercourses and their adjacent territories, and the recreational load, are practically excluded there. The presented data reflect the influence of C. fiber upon the biocenoses of small water bodies and watercourses.


Antipov V. V., Martynov A. P. Role and Species Number of Macrophytes in Beaver Settlements (Castor fiber). In: Recent Problems of Nature use, Game Biology and fur Farming: Proceedings of International Scientific and Practical Conference dedicated to the 90th anniversary of Russian Research Institute of Game Management and Fur Farming. Kirov, VNIIOZ Publ., 2012, pp. 495–496 (in Russian).
Bashinskiy I. V., Osipov V. V. Distribution and dynamic of Castor fiber (Castoridae, Mammalia) population in forest-steppe rivers: a case of the State Nature Reserve Privolzhskaya Lesostep', Penza region, European Russia. Nature Conservation Research, 2018, vol. 3, suppl. 2, pp. 110–115. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24189/ncr.2018.068
Dyakov Yu. V. Beavers of the European part of the Soviet Union: Morphology, Ecology, Ways and Methods of Economic Use. Moscow, Moskovskiy rabochiy Publ., 1975. 480 p. (in Russian).
Goryaynov Z. I., Katsman E. A., Zavyalov N. A., Khlyap L. A., Petrosyan V. G. Evaluation of tree-shrab forage of the River beaver (Castor fiber L.) and the change of foraging strategy during its depletion. Russian J. of Biological Invasions, 2014, vol. 7, no. 3, pp. 27–45.
Katsman E. A. Analysis of the habitats of beavers influence on herbaceous flora of vascular plants on the Tadenka river. In: Yu. Yu. Dgebuadze, N. A. Zavyalov, eds. European beaver (Castor fiber L.) as key species of a small river ecosystem (Prioksko-Terrasnyi Nature Biosphere Reserve). Moscow, KMK Scientific Press Ltd., 2012, pp. 117–127 (in Russian).
Mayevsky P. F. Flora of the Middle Zone of the European part of Russia. Moscow, KMK Scientific Press Ltd., 2006. 600 p. (in Russian).
Papchenkov V. G. Various approaches to the classification of reservoirs and streams plants. Proceedings of the VIth All-Russian Workshop-Conference on Aquatic Macrophytes Hydrobotany 2005”. Rybinsk, Rybinsk Print House, 2006, pp. 16–25 (in Russian).

стр. 513
Short text (in English): 
Full text (in Russian):