Статьи

INFLUENCE OF LEAD NITRATE AND ACETATE, WHEN INTRODUCED INTO SOD-PODZOLIC SOIL, ON ITS BIOINDICATIVE CHARACTERISTICS

The influence of two lead salts on the enzymatic activity dynamics (urease, dehydrogenase, the total activity of hydrolases, acid phosphatase, and peroxidase) at lead ion concentrations of 10, 100, 300, 500 and 1,000 mg/kg in a model 21-day experiment was estimated. A significant inhibitory effect of lead nitrate on the total activity of hydrolases, dehydrogenase and peroxidase at doses of 500 and 1,000 mg (Pb2+)/kg was observed, while lead acetate was characterized by predominantly stimulating effect.

ANALYSIS OF SOIL AND VEGETATION COVER FROM SATELLITE IMAGERY TO ASSESS ITS RELATION WITH LARK HABITATS (ALAUDIDAE, AVES) IN THE TRANS-VOLGA SEMI-DESERT

The work was carried out in the Dzhanibek and Bokeyorda districts of the West Kazakhstan region of the Republic of Kazakhstan in two key areas. The possibility to study the relationship between the distribution of the abundance of various lark species and their nesting habitats detected using high-resolution satellite images, ground geobotanical descriptions and bird counts on routes with a variable width of the accounting band, was evaluated.

QUANTITATIVE CHARACTERISTICS OF SEASONAL ASPECTS OF THE BIRD POPULATION IN KEMEROVO CITY AND ITS VICINITIES

On the basis of the data of year-round accounts in the city of Kemerovo and its vicinities in 1999 - 2001 a quantitative assessment of seasonal aspects of the bird population is given. Seasonal changes of the total number of birds, the specific diversity, the dominating species, the total biomass, the amount of the energy transformed by birds, their multistage distribution and faunistic composition are characterized and compared for all habitats surveyed.

REACTION OF BANK VOLES (MYODES GLAREOLUS SCHREBER, 1780) TO TRAPS WITH THE ODOR OF SYNANTHROPIC HOUSE MICE (MUS MUSCULUS s.l.) (MAMMALIA: RODENTIA): A FIELD EXPERIMENT

Our hypothesis that the exoanthropic forest rodent species (e.g. bank voles) avoid the urinary odor of the synanthropic house mice was tested in field experiments in August 2016. One count of small mammals was carried out in each of two 4-ha fields by the capture-mark-recapture technique during 12 days. 200 live traps (100 points, 2 traps per point) were exposed and controlled twice a day (early in the morning and in the evening) in each count.

ESTIMATION OF THE ZONAL DISTRIBUTION OF SPECIES OF THE BOTTOM COMMUNITIES IN RIVERS OF THE MIDDLE AND LOWER VOLGA BASINS

A comparative analysis of the variability of the specific structure of macrozoobenthos communities in small and medium rivers of the Middle and Lower Volga basin was made. A statistically significant influence of the natural-climatic zone where the waterway is located and a manifestation of the latitudinal gradient of biodiversity were shown. The list of indicator species with the use of various criteria of biotopic correspondence was composed for each identified geographical zone.

ESTIMATION OF THE ZONAL DISTRIBUTION OF SPECIES OF THE BOTTOM COMMUNITIES IN RIVERS OF THE MIDDLE AND LOWER VOLGA BASINS

A comparative analysis of the variability of the specific structure of macrozoobenthos communities in small and medium rivers of the Middle and Lower Volga basin was made. A statistically significant influence of the natural-climatic zone where the waterway is located and a manifestation of the latitudinal gradient of biodiversity were shown. The list of indicator species with the use of various criteria of biotopic correspondence was composed for each identified geographical zone.

REGULARITIES OF CEMETERY FLORA FORMATION IN TOWNS OF THE SOUTHERN CIS-URALS, REPUBLIC OF BASHKORTOSTAN

The results of our study of the partial florae of 5 cemeteries in two towns of the Southern Cis-Urals, namely, Sterlitamak and Salavat (Republic of Bashkortostan), are given. The cemeteries differed by their area, the time and nature of development, and forest cover. The taxonomical, biomorphological, geographical and ecological structures of the florae were studied, the levels of synantropization (from 50.7 to 67.5%) and adventization (from 19.4 to 37.5%) were estimated.

MYELOGRAMS OF MARSH (PELOPHYLAX RIDIBUNDUS) AND POOL FROGS (PELOPHYLAX LESSONAE) (AMPHIBIA: RANIDAE) OF CONVENTIONALLY “BACKGROUND” AND ANTHROPOGENOUSLY TRANSFORMED TERRITORIES IN THE NIZHNIY NOVGOROD REGION

Our comparative analysis of the myelograms of these lake and pond frogs has revealed a higher erythropoietic activity of the bone marrow in the conditionally "background" amphibians (group 1) as compared to the individuals from urbanized (group 2) territories. Restructuring of the bone marrow cellular composition and activation of the myeloid cells were the adaptive reaction of the amphibians to living in polluted conditions of their aquatic environment. The response variability of particular myelopoiesis elements reflected the plasticity of the organism’s compensatory abilities.

ENVIRONMENTAL ORGANIZATION OF THE SPATIAL-TYPOLOGICAL DIVERSITY OF COMMUNITIES OF AMPHIBIANS, REPTILES AND SMALL MAMMALS IN THE WEST SIBERIAN PLAIN

The differences in estimates of the relation of the population diversity of amphibians, reptiles and small mammals with environmental factors were analyzed by the species’ abundance and contributions to the Shannon index on the basis of their energy indices, as well as the difference in general representations of the spatial-typological variability of the communities of these animal groups with the West Siberian Plain as an example.

ON INCREASING THE ACCURACY OF HUNTING ANIMAL ACCOUNTING IN SMALL AREAS

The possibility of increasing the accuracy of hunting animal accounting by replacing the average values of various accounting parameters obtained for small areas by the average values of the same parameters obtained for larger areas is considered with the results of our winter route account of the moose Alces alces Linnaeus, 1758, held in the Saratov region as an example.

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