Статьи

ON THE SYNTAXONOMY OF SOME PHYTOCENOSES IN MOUNTAIN AND PIEDMONT ECOSYSTEMS OF THE CENTRAL CAUCASUS (WITHIN KABARDINO-BALKARIA)

Three associations (Carici michelii-Bromopsidetum ripariae ass. nov., Amorio ambiguae-Alchemilletum orthotrichae ass. nov., and Cicerbito macrophyllae-Aethusetum сynapii ass. nov.) have been distinguished and characterized as a result of our ecological and floristic classification of phytocenoses in the mountain and piedmont ecosystems of Kabardino-Balkaria (the Central Caucasus) within the Tersky and Elbrussian variants of vertical zonation.

CURRENT VEGETATION COVER OF THE CASPIAN LOWLAND IN THE SOUTH-EAST OF EUROPEAN RUSSIA

The distribution of steppe and desert vegetation is typical for the Caspian Lowland. There are two subzones of the steppe zone of Eurasia (the Middle subzone with dry steppes and the Southern subzone with desert steppes) and one subzone of the desert zone of the Pre-Caspian and Turan (the Northern subzone with dwarf semishrub and shrub deserts). At present, natural regularities are invisible because of the results of human impact. Natural dry bunch-grass steppes have completely disappeared to the East from the Volga River.

LEUKOCYTIC INDICES AND MICRONUCLEUS IN ERYTHROCYTES AS POPULATION MARKERS OF THE IMMUNE STATUS OF PELOPHYLAX RIDIBUNDUS (PALLAS, 1771) (AMPHIBIA: RANIDAE) LIVING IN VARIOUS BIOTOPIC CONDITIONS

A differentiated assessment of blood cells and micronucleus species in the erythrocytes of marsh frogs (Pelophylax ridibundus) living in reservoirs of the Nizhniy Novgorod region and differing by origin, morphology and chemical composition was performed. Specific abiotic conditions (a peat bog) and anthropogenic load led to the most expressed change of the leukocyte composition of the blood, corresponding to the neutrophilic type of leukemoid reaction and an increased fraction of micronucleus in the erythrocytes.

Pb AND Cd INFLUENCE ON BIOCHEMICAL INDICES OF AVENA SATIVA (POÁCEAE, LILIOPSIDA)

This work is devoted to studying of changes of vegetable raw under Pb and Cd translocation in the tissues of oat grown on turf and sand soils at model pollution, as well the impact of Pb and Cd accumulation on the biochemical status of plants. The oat germinants accumulated the intriduced metals actively; at a combined action of Pb and Cd, synergism of the elements in the organogenic soil and antagonism in the mineral soil were revealed.

SOME ASPECTS OF THE THEORY OF WINTER ROUTE ACCOUNTING OF HUNTING ANIMALS

As a result of our comparison of winter routing with similar (by purpose) band record, a clear interpretation of the factor π/2 = 1.57 is given, this multiplier is shown to be the proportionality coefficient which maps the number of tracks crossed by the route to the total length of the track lines on the recording band of a certain width. The geometric meaning of this factor has been established, the effective width of the accounting band for winter routing was determined.

THERMAL MODE OF THE HABITATS OF THE RUSSIAN DESMAN (DESMANA MOSCHATA, TALPIDAE, SORICOMORPHA)

The seasonal changes of the soil and water temperature of reservoirs the forest (the Klyazma river) and meadow (the Oka river) floodplains inhabited by the Russian desman were studied. The temperature range which the animal lives within varies from 0 - 7°C in the winter to 8 - 23°C in the summer. Due to the large volume of water and groundwater, desmans do not face negative temperatures in the winter in their burrows.

FEATURES OF THE POPULATION ORGANIZATION OF THE RARE SPECIES CEPHALARIA URALENSIS (MURR.) SCHRAD. ex ROEM. ET SCHULT (DIPSACACEAE, MAGNOLIÓPSIDA) IN THE TRANS-VOLGA AND CIS-URALS REGIONS

The results of our study of 23 natural cenopopulations of Cephalaria uralensis (Murr.) Schrad. ex Roem. et Schult., a rare subendemic species of the Eastern European steppe zone, in the Trans-Volga and Cis-Urals regions (in the territory of Bashkortostan Republic, the Samara and Orenburg regions) are presented. Density indices, features of the age structure and demographic indices were studied and compared. The total density varies from 2.2 to 10.3 ind./m2. The averaged ontogenetic spectrum of C. uralensis is centered.

FORMATION OF THE HYDROCHEMICAL REGIME OF THE UPPER REACHES OF THE URAL RIVER UNDER CONDITIONS OF TECHNOGENIC FLOW REGULATION

Changes in the chemical composition of water of the Ural River (upstream) along the section of regulation by a large artificial reservoir (the Iriklinsky reservoir) are shown. Decreased concentrations of major ions, organics, nutrients, and, especially, compounds of metals (copper, manganese, iron and aluminum) in the area below the reservoir were recorded. It was noted that physicochemical processes inside the Iriklinsky reservoir occurring at low water exchange could be the possible causes of these changes of the considered parameters.

INFLUENCE OF THE VEGETATION STRUCTURE ON THE NUMBERS OF GREAT SNIPES (GALLINAGO MEDIA) (SCOLOPACIDAE, AVES) ON LEKS

The numbers of birds and the vegetation structure were analyzed at 13, 7 and 10 leks of Great Snipes (Gallinago media) formed on agricultural lands in the Moscow Region in 2014 - 2016, respectively. Not less than 120 - 130 birds were concentrated on the leks annually, of which 82 - 94% were males. The abundance of Great Snipes changed asynchronously at different leks. It depended on neither the lek location (floodplain or watershed) nor the soil penetrability therein.

METHODOLOGY OF GENERALIZED ASSESSMENT OF THE INDICATORS OF SPECIFIC DIVERSITY AND THE NUMBERS OF TERRESTRIAL VERTEBRATES WITH THE ZONE OF INFLUENCE OF THE PROJECTED NIZHNEZEISK RESERVOIR AS AN EXAMPLE

Problems of comparative estimation of the nature-conservation importance of various littoral zones arise when a strategy of gentle nature management in the areas of influence of both present and planned reservoirs is developed. Integral biodiversity indices to consider both the specific richness and the abundance indices of every recorded animal species were developed for the area of expected influence of the projected Lower Zeya Hydroscheme.

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